Volume 18 / Issue 1 / Pages 63-75 - Papers in the same Issue

The Effect of Leader's Emotional Intelligence and Role-Breadth Self-Efficacy on Proactive Behaviour at Work

Choeni,P., Babalola, S.S., & Nwanzu, C.L.


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Abstract: The literature makes it clear that there is a need for proactivity among employees for the effective functioning of an organisation. This study aimed to determine the effect of a leader's emotional intelligence (LEI) and role-breadth self-efficacy (RBSE) on proactive behaviour at work (PBW). The sample comprises 204 employees of selected customs clearing companies in Zimbabwe. A cross-sectional design was adopted, and a self-administered questionnaire compiled from standardised scales on the substantial variables was used for data collection. Data analysis showed that LEI and RBSE independently and jointly predict PBW, and the relationships are of practical value, as indicated by the large effect sizes. However, compared to RBSE, LEI has a stronger relationship with PBW. The conclusions are that LEI and RBSE are of value for PBW. Therefore, it is recommended that, in enhancing PBW, the two factors should be considered in an organisation's work design, recruitment, selection, and training and development programmes.

Keywords: leaders' emotional intelligence, role-breadth self-efficacy, proactive behaviour at work


Type: Research Paper // Submitted: 2022-05-02 // Published: 2023-03-28

Download Citation: BibTex // PDF Downloads: 830 // PDF Filesize: 365Kb

Open Access: © The Authors - Published under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence


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